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  • Writer's pictureHootey Cline

Firearm Maintenance 101



Proper maintenance of firearms is essential to ensure their longevity and performance. Unfortunately, more guns are damaged due to improper maintenance than anything else. Here are some tips to help you maintain your firearms properly:


1. Use the right equipment and chemicals:

Using improper equipment and chemicals can damage your firearms. Make sure you use the right tools and chemicals recommended by the manufacturer.


2. Use solid rods that follow the rifling:

Sectioned rods are terrible as they bend and rub against the rifling. You want something that is solid and won't flex. Also, use a rod that will spin and follow the rifling. Coated rods are not necessary, and you can also use a bore snake.


3. Wipe down your rod or snake frequently:

When cleaning, be sure to wipe down your rod or snake frequently to prevent dirt and debris from scratching your firearm.


4. Clean from the breech end:

Whenever possible, always clean from the breech end. Never bump or ding the crown. You should utilize breech-guards and muzzle-guards to prevent damage.


5. Use phosphor-bronze brushes:

Phosphor-bronze brushes are the best for cleaning firearms. Stainless steel brushes should only be used on exceptionally dirty firearms, not for everyday cleaning.


6. Use lacquer-thinner sparingly:

Lacquer-thinner is good for breaking down plastic in shotguns, but it should only be used in very small amounts.


7. Store your firearms properly:

The worst place to store a firearm is in a gun case. The firearm can't breathe and relieve moisture. If you have to store it in a case, leave the zipper open. Magazine springs should not be loaded for more than two weeks at a time. You should measure the spring periodically to check length and replace as shrinkage occurs. Gun grease is good for long-term storage, not for cleaning or lubricating. Grease is a dust/dirt magnet, which will cause abrasions. Good gun oil has a very thin viscosity, high lubricity, and will work over a wide range of temperatures.


In conclusion, proper maintenance of firearms is essential to ensure their longevity and performance. By following these tips, you can maintain your firearms properly and prevent damage. Remember to always use the right equipment and chemicals, clean from the breech end, and store your firearms properly.

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